Propolis (Pro-before, Polis-city = defense of the city), is the resinous substance that bees gather from the leaf buds of trees and certain vegetables. Propolis is bee glue that the honey bees gather from stick plants, such as pine trees. The bees bring it back to the hive and cover all the surfaces of the hive with it. This sterilizes the surfaces of the hive so that nothing can grow inside. If the bees have an invader into the hive that is too big for them to remove, such as a mouse, the bees will cover the mouse with propolis so that as it decays it doesn’t contaminate the bee hive.
The propolis is antimicrobial and can be used to seal a superficial wound on your skin and the anti-microbial properties reduce the risk of infection. Due to the great number of active ingredients present, tincture (alcoholic extract) of propolis is well known and used for its therapeutic properties, principally for its stimulant action on the organism’s defense system. Notable amongst propolis healing properties are its antioxidant and anti-microbial action, its activity as a stimulant and its healing, analgesic, anesthetic and anti-inflammatory activity.
Propolis nutrients and vitamins include: Vitamin A, Vitamins B1, B2, and B3, Vitamin C, Biotin, Bioflavonoids, Calcium, Magnesium, Iron, Zinc, Silicon, Potassium, Phosphorus, Manganese, Cobalt, and Copper.